ENGLISH TAMIL

Spices/Herbs
Turmeric – Manjal
Coriander seeds, Coriander powder – Dhaniya
Ajamoda – Omam
Cloves – Lavangam, Kirambu
Fennel – Sombu
Cinnamon – Pattai
Cardamom – Yelakkai
Cilantro, Coriander leaves – Kothamalli
Ginger – Inji
Dry Ginger – Sukku
Garlic – Poondu
Nutmeg – Jadhikaai
Pepper corns – Milagu
Fenugreek seeds – Vendhayam
Red chili pepper – Kaindha milagai, Vatral milagai
Poppy seeds – Gasagasa
Asafoetida – Perungayam
Saffron – Kungumapoo
Aniseed – Perunjeeragam
Bay leaf, Cinnamon leaf – Birinji ilai
Cumin seeds – Sombu
Mustard seeds – Kadugu
Mint leaves – Pudhina

Nuts/Dried fruit
Peanuts, Groundnuts – Verkadalai, Nilakadalai
Cashew nut – Mundhiri Paruppu
Walnut – Akroot
Raisin – Kaintha thratchai
Almond – Badam Paruppu

Grains/Flours
Gram flour – Kadalai Mavu
All purpose flour (Maida) – Maida mavu
Wheat flour – Gothumai mavu, Chapathi mavu
Par-boiled rice – Puzhungal Arisi
Semolina – Ravai

Lentils
Chic Peas – Mook Kadalai/Konda Kadalai
Horse gram – Kollu Paruppu
Flaxseed – Aali Virai(Vidhai)
Black Eyed Peas – Vella Karamani
Red Kidney Beans – Sigappu Karamani
Broken Beans – Mocha Kottai
Yellow split peas – Thuvaram Paruppu
Fried Gram Dal – Udaicha Kadalai
Bengal gram – Kadalai Paruppu
Black gram – Ulundhu
Green gram – Pachai Paruppu

Seasonings
Tamarind – Puli
Jaggery – Vellam
Sesame seeds/Gingelly – Ellu
Green hot chili – Pachai milagai
Green pepper, Capsicum – Kudai milagai
Curry leaves – Karivepilai

Vegetables
Brinjal – Katharikai
Okra, Ladies Finger – Vendaikai
Gentleman’s Toes, Tindla – Kovaikai
Drumstick – Murungaikai
Green chilli – Pachai Milagai
Coconut – Thengaai
Tender Coconut – Ilaneer
Lime or Lemon – Elumichai
Mushrooms – Kaalaan
Cucumber – Vellarikaai
Cabbage – Muttaigose
Onion – Venggayam
Peas – Pattani
Potato – Urulai Kizhangu
Cluster Beans – Kothavarangai
Gherkins – Kovakkaai
Broad Beans/Sabre Beans – Avarakkaai
Bitter Gourd – Paavakkaai
Snake Gourd – Podalangaai
Ribbed/Serrated Gourd – Peerkangaai
Bottle Gourd – Surakkaai
Parsnip – Mulllangi(White)
Colacasia – Sepangkezhangu
Yellow Pumpkin – Parangikkaai
Plaintain Stem – Vaazaithandu
Plaintain Flower – Vaazhaipoo
Raw Banana – Vaazhaikaai
Pumpkin – Poosanikaai
Radish – Mullangi(Red)
Yam – Karunakezhangu
Elephant Yam – Senaikezhangu
Spinach – Pasala Keerai
Sweet potato – Chakaravalli Kizhangu
Tapioca – Maravalli Kizhangu
Tomato – Thakaali

FRUIT
Banana – Vazhaipazham
Figs – Aathi Pazham
Grapes – Thdrachai
Guavas – Goiya Pazham
Jackfruit – PalaPazham
Mango – MaamPazham
Mashmelon – Kirni
Custard Apple – Seethapazham
Muskmelon – Cantalope
Papaya – Papalli
Pineapple – Annachi
Pomegranate – Madhulam
Sweet lime – Sathukodi
Watermelon – Dharpoosani

Cereals
Raw Rice – Pacharisi
Basmati Rice – Basmati arisi
Pal Boiled Rice – Puzhungal Arisi
Corn – Cholam/Makkacholam
Rice Flakes – Aval
Puffed Rice – Pori
Semolina – Ravai
Vermicelli – Semiya
Raagi – Kezhvaraghu
Wheat – Godhumai
Sago – Jawarisi


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